Difference Between ASTM and ISO Standards (With Table)

There has been an increase in consumer demand for many goods and services throughout the modern world. This makes it critical to verify that the goods and services meet a minimal standard check or quality assurance to ensure the overall well-being of everyone in the situation. Two sorts of procedures that establish regulations for the worldwide market are referred to as ASTM and ISO standards, respectively.

ASTM vs ISO Standards

The main difference between ASTM Standards and ISO Standards is that ASTM Standards involve fewer professional experts in the decision-making process to form various standards than ISO Standards. On the other hand, ISO Standards are put in place after considering the opinions of qualified professionals from 165 different nations.

The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) is a standards organization whose mission is to improve the quality of products, improve public health and safety, and expand market access and trade. Paints, petroleum, energy, and the environment are just a few sectors covered by ASTM standards. ASTM standards are available online.

It’s an acronym for the International Standards organization, a global body that produces global standards in technology, industry, and commerce. A prevalent misconception is that ISO Standards are a recipe for success and efficiency. Furthermore, it is a non-profit organization that is independent of the government.

Comparison Table Between ASTM and ISO Standards

Parameters of ComparisonASTM StandardsISO Standards
MeaningThe International Organization for Standardization (ISO) recognizes the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) as one of its national members (ISO).    To form the ISO, the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) joined forces (ASTM).
ValidityIn comparison to ISO standards, ASTM standards are regarded as less valid.It is more reliable to use ISO Standards than ASTM Standards.
TypesThe American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) develops six different types of standards.The ISO has mandated a total of approximately 20,000 international standards.
ParticipationCompared to ISO Standards, ASTM Standards only involve a small number of specialists on a limited scale.One hundred sixty-five countries contribute to developing ISO standards, which skilled professionals develop worldwide.
Launch YearThe American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) was founded in 1902 and is a professional organization dedicated to testing and materials research and development.    The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) was founded on February 23, 1947, in Geneva, Switzerland, by the United Nations General Assembly.

What are ASTM Standards?

The ASTM standards that have been proposed are entirely voluntary, and they are, nonetheless, an integral aspect of several laws, ordinances, and regulations in various countries around the world. The writing of standards is delegated to an ASTM technical committee, and consumers, producers, users, and other general interest groups are typically represented on such committees.

Test method, categorization, specification, guide, practice, and terminology standards are among the used measures. A test method briefly explains a procedure that includes the test instrument and the calculations used. When it comes to the requirements for what constitutes acceptable performance, a specification standard provides specifics.

On the other hand, a guide standard provides several options but does not provide precise guidance about which course of action should be taken. According to its name, a terminology standard is a document that gives information about the abbreviations and terminologies used by businesses and other organizations.

What are ISO Standards?

The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is a global organization that publishes technical, industrial, & commercial standards. The ISO was founded on February 23, 1947. The ISO comprises member organizations from 165 different nations around the globe. Furthermore, it is a non-profit organization that is independent of the government. It is estimated that approximately 20,000 international standards have been enacted through ISO.

Some of the most extensively used International Organization for Standardization (ISO) standards include ISO 14001, ISO 27000, ISO 22000, ISO 50001, and ISO 13485. ISO 14001 is focused on environmental issues. A sound environmental management system is built on the foundations of ISO 14001, the international standard setter. ISO 27000 governs the information technology industry. Protecting the assets of the company is the primary purpose.

Its purpose is to assist any company involved in the food chain in developing and implementing a food management system. Furthermore, the ISO 50001 standard aims to reduce energy consumption and increase efficiency by implementing an energy management system.

It is primarily concerned with constructing a risk management system to ensure that organizations can manage risks in a cost-effective and timely manner. There are various more ISO standards, including ISO 26000, ISO 20121, and ISO 16949, all related to automotive safety. As a result, the ISO standards aid in developing products and materials that are safe, legally acceptable, and of high quality.

Main Differences Between ASTM Standards and ISO Standards

  1. The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) is a national organization member of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). On the other hand, ASTM is a worldwide organization part of the ISO organization.
  2. Unlike ASTM, established in 1902, ISO was launched on February 23, 1947.
  3. In comparison to ISO standards, ASTM standards are regarded as less valid. On the other hand, ISO Standards are generally considered more reliable than ASTM Standards.
  4. The American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) develops six different types of standards. In contrast, the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has more than 20,000 standards.
  5. Compared to ISO Standards, ASTM Standards only involve a small number of specialists on a limited scale. On the other hand, ISO standards are developed by qualified specialists from 165 different nations.

Conclusion

As a result, there are many differences between ASTM and ISO Standards. The ASTM standards include test method, classification, specification, guide, practice, and terminology standards, among others, and ASTM standards are available online. On the other hand, ISO Standards include ISO 14001, ISO 27000, ISO 22000, ISO 50001, ISO 13485, and ISO 31000, to name a few.

The ASTM and ISO Standards have a standard function. They both assure minimal quality control on various goods and services, regardless of their origin. For example, they can assist organizations in increasing their productivity while also reducing waste generation. In a similar vein, such guidelines are essential for environmental preservation. For the sake of conclusion, both ASTM and ISO Standards are necessary in today’s world.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0308016120301666
  2. https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/2053-1591/ab6c21/meta