Difference Between Ammonia and Bleach (With Table)

There are different types of cleaning agents available in the market. These agents help to remove stains, decolor utensils, and wipe the tiles of the flooring. The most suitable forms of agents are Ammonia and Bleach. These agents are fundamentally cleaning in nature.

Ammonia vs Bleach

The main difference between Ammonia and Bleach is that Ammonia has a composition of Hydrogen and Nitrogen in the mixture. On the other hand, bleach includes caustic soda and water. Thereby differing in their several properties including cleaning as well.

Ammonia is a cleaning agent that is implied for lighting up surfaces. It does not leave any mark on the applied space and is perfect for non-decoloration use. It also has an odor of rotten eggs in its gaseous state.

Bleach is a fundamental cleaning agent that is implied for removing dirty stains from utensils and other objects. Bleach is also important for discoloration. The process of removing stains through this cleaning type of compound is known as bleaching in general.

Comparison Table Between Ammonia and Bleach

Parameters of ComparisonAmmoniaBleach
FunctionMostly used as a cleaning agent in the form of disinfectants.Mostly used as a cleaning agent in the form of detergents.
Chemical compositionAmmonia is made up of Hydrogen and Nitrogen in the ratio of 3:1.Bleach is made up of Sodium Hydroxide which is commonly known as caustic soda
CapabilityAmmonia is less strong comparatively as an agent.Bleach is more strong comparatively as an agent.
Surface typeAmmonia is implemented on hard surfaces of toilets and bathrooms.Bleach is implemented on soft types of surfaces like fabrics.
Role Ammonia is an efficient cleaning agentBleach is an efficient stain remover

What is Ammonia?

Ammonia is consist of nitrogen and hydrogen. The formula of Ammonia is NH3. Ammonia is a colorless gas with a strong pungent smell. The compound features a binary hydride and a simple pnictogen hydride. Ammonia is common nitrogenous waste and is used at large in commercial cleaners.

Ammonia is considered a weak base. The cleaners made from Ammonia are quite cheap but good. Ammonia is ideal for cleaning hard surfaces. Though a cleaner Ammonia is not used as a disinfectant (it means, it does not kill germ, virus, or bacteria but just clean the dirt or stain) Ammonia is toxic can be corrosive to eyes, skin, and lungs. Direct exposure to Ammonia can be life-threatening too.

Ammonia is useful in washing fabrics as it maintains the color of the cloth while cleaning. Ammonia is also used in washing dishes and kitchen utensils. Tiles, glass, and jewelry are considerable. Ammonia helps in breaking down fats, oils, and grease easily. Window cleaners are typically made from Ammonia only.

Other than making cleaners or disinfectants Ammonia is also used in the manufacturing of fertilizers, medicines, cosmetic products, dyes, acrylic paints, nylon fibers, rayon, and soda ash. Baking soda and vinegar are general alternatives used versus Ammonia.

What is Bleach?

Bleach is a chemical product used for the bleaching process. Bleaching involves removing color or stain from fabrics. Bleach is used both in industrial and domestic activities. The bleach is typically a dilute solution of sodium hypochlorite. Chlorine bleach and oxygen bleach are two common types.

Bleach is strong. Use to clean clothes and fabrics in normal dirt. Grease and stain are not effectively removed by bleach. It is ideal for whiting and brightening white cloths (it can make colored cloths lose dyes). Also other than being cleaner bleach (Chlorine bleach) is a good disinfectant. It kills bacteria, viruses, and germs on contact.

Bleach can also use in making sanitizers. The bleach can be highly toxic on mixing with other chemicals like Ammonia. The mix can affect eyes, skin, and lungs on contact. Bleach is present in products consisting of Colors, Lysol, Ajax, and scrubbing bubbles.  

Other than making cleaners or disinfectants Bleach is also used in making mold removers. The bleach-based cleaners can often remain stuck to the surfaces. It is safe to stay away from bleached surfaces for a good time. Bleach products depending on constituents can be present in powder or spray forms. OxiClean is a general alternative used versus Bleach.

Main Differences Between Ammonia and Bleach

  1. Ammonia has nitrogen and hydrogen in the ratio of three whereas Bleach consists of Sodium Hydroxide and water in general.
  2. Ammonia is effectively used as a disinfectant for disinfecting surfaces with germs while Bleach is used as a detergent for removing stains from surfaces.
  3. Ammonia is used in the case of hard surfaces like bathrooms whereas Bleach is used for cleaning soft and delicate surfaces like expensive fabrics.
  4. Ammonia is less strong of a cleaning agent in comparison whereas Bleach is more strong of a cleaning agent in comparison
  5. Ammonia is used mainly for cleaning purposes whereas Bleach is significant in the discoloration of objects.


Both Ammonia and Bleach are used extensively for keeping our surrounding objects clean. Without the use of either of them, many objects would remain dirty and discolored. However, they both should be used for different reasons depending upon their usage properties.

These cleaning agents make sure that all the viruses and fungi are removed from the surfaces. This ensures a better and healthy environment in your home and workplace. It also prevents you from catching any unwanted type of disease or symptoms.

Ammonia is responsible for keeping a clean bathroom. This plays a key role in keeping and maintaining sanitation. Many countries are still far behind on the sanitation and health index, which depicts their lower use of Ammonia. Countries with better sanitation are known to have improved standards of health and cleanliness.

Bleach provides a long-lasting life to your fabrics. This means that the expensive and soft surfaces of fabrics and showpieces are kept clean through these cleaning agents. Bleach is important for maintaining a clean and spot-free type of environment in houses or the workplace.

Therefore, these cleaning and discoloring agents are important for sustaining a healthy and germ-free environment. Which is a must for improved standards of safety and sanitation.


  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0012369216617026
  2. https://search.proquest.com/openview/45ec791286a8b5b4fc698622652a9ad3/1?pq-origsite=gscholar&cbl=34757