Difference Between Amino Acid and Protein (With Table)

There has been confusion on the difference between amino acids and protein. It is known that a protein is composed of amino acids, but it is not clear whether amino acid is a sub-unit of protein. Protein is a large molecule with a linear chain of amino acids linked together. Each amino acid has an atom of nitrogen and an atom of either carbon or hydrogen.

Amino Acid vs Protein

The main difference between Amino acids and Proteins is that Amino acids are considered to be the building blocks of proteins. They can be found in foods such as meat, dairy, grains and legumes. On the other hand, Protein is a general term for the chemical compounds found in foods that are used by the body to carry out processes such as protein synthesis, repair and maintenance.

Amino acids can be found in foods such as dairy products and vegetable protein supplements. Vegetable protein supplements, such as protein powders, provide a convenient way to get a complete amino acid profile in a single serving. They are most often made from plant-based sources such as soy, rice, and wheat.

Proteins are molecules that are a major component in every human cell. Proteins are responsible for everything from our skin to our eyes. They are the basis for all our senses, including taste and sight. They are the basis of our immune system, and they control how cells communicate and interact within our bodies.

Comparison Table Between Amino Acids and Proteins

Parameters of ComparisonAmino AcidProtein
AboutAmino acids are referred to as the building blocks of protein.Proteins are molecules that are a major component in every human cell
Present in They can be found in foods such as meat, dairy, grains and legumes. They can be found in foods that are used by the body to carry out processes such as protein synthesis, repair and maintenance.
Blend in bodyNot everything can be blended.Everything can be blended
Atomic massSmallerHigher
ImportanceAmino acids are not mandatorily needed by the body.Proteins are mandatorily needed by the body.

What is Amino Acid?

The building blocks of life are referred to as amino acids. Proteins carry out the functions in the body, such as helping the body to grow, develop, and function properly. Some amino acids are needed to make other amino acids and proteins.

Amino acid is extremely essential for life. Amino acids are just units of protein structure and composition that are linked together in peptides and proteins. Through this link, amino acids function in cells as part of the mechanism for carrying out the functions of the proteins. Most amino acids are obtained through the diet, though some are synthesized endogenously.

What is protein?

Protein is a nutrient that is essential for the growth and repair of body tissues. There are many different types of protein, each with a specific function in the body. Some of the most important protein-based functions are protein synthesis, cell division, immune response and transport of molecules within the body. Most of the protein that is ingested by the body is broken down into constituent amino acids and used for these functions.

Protein is one of the four fundamental nutrients, along with carbohydrates, fats and water. It is the building block of life and the only nutrient required by the body in substantial amounts for growth, maintenance, and repair. This means that protein is critical to the survival of the human body and its systems. It is the main material used for building new cells and tissues, carrying out all bodily processes, and providing structure for organs, blood, skin, hair, and other tissues.

Protein is an essential macronutrient that is needed for the growth and repair of the body. The body is composed of molecules known as proteins, proteins need amino acids to form. 20 different amino acids are needed by the body can use to build proteins

Main Differences Between Amino Acid and Protein

  1. Amino acids are known/considered as building blocks of protein while Proteins are molecules
  2. Amino acids are considered to be the building blocks of proteins. They can be found in foods such as meat, dairy, grains and legumes. On the other hand, Protein is a general term for the chemical compounds found in foods that are used by the body to carry out processes such as protein synthesis, repair and maintenance.
  3. In amino acid not everything can be blended in the body whereas in Proteins everything can be blended.
  4. Proteins are macromolecules, accordingly, have higher atomic mass in contrast with amino acids that have somewhat more modest sub-atomic mass.
  5. Amino acids are not mandatorily needed by the body. On the other hand, Proteins are mandatorily needed by the body.

Conclusion

Amino acids and proteins are two of the most important building blocks of our bodies. They are both made of molecules that are joined together in long chains and are often called “organic molecules” because they are found in living organisms. Because of their importance, we need to consume enough of these molecules through our diet to stay healthy. Some people are more concerned with getting enough protein, while others are more concerned with getting enough amino acids.

References

  1. https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/article-abstract/586529
  2. https://europepmc.org/article/med/3316914