Difference Between ALS and BLS (With Table)

In the event of a medical emergency, ALS and BLS are two major forms of support systems. They are both life-supporting systems; the only difference is that one tries to provide basic treatment while the other aims to provide advanced care.

ALS vs BLS

The main difference between ALS (Advance Life Support) and BLS (Basic Life Support) is that BLS has a non-invasive component, which means that technicians in a BLS ambulance are unable to perform any surgery or medical treatments that require the use of needles or other instruments that cause cuts, and they are also unable to administer any severe medications, whereas technicians in an ALS ambulance are able to perform any surgery or medical treatments.

Advanced Life Support is the final link in the Chain of Survival, and it marks the start of the patient’s recovery. The patient’s condition is stabilised while therapy is continued. To avoid relapse, providers identify and address the underlying reasons of the patient’s disease.

Basic Life Support training is suggested for everyone who works in the medical field or with people who may be at risk of requiring these services.

This Basic Life Support course should be completed by all EMTs and nurses.

 Basic Life Support is primarily concerned with traumatic events such as cardiac arrests, choking, drowning, and other life-threatening situations.

Comparison Table Between ALS and BLS

Parameters of Comparison
ALSBLS
Full formAdvanced Life SupportBasic Life Support
UsesAny surgery or medical therapy can be performed by the personnel onboard an ALS ambulance.A BLS ambulance‘s technicians are unable to undertake any surgery or medical treatments that require the use of needles or other instruments that cause cuts, and they are also unable to administer any severe medications.
Number of techniciansThere are medical professionals and a paramedic on hand.A BLS ambulance normally has two medical technicians.
SkillsAn ALS technician must have higher training than a BLS technician.In comparison to ALS, a technician in BLS requires only basic training.
EquipmentAirway assistance, heart monitoring, and cardiac assistance apparatus are all included in the ALS provider’s ambulance.The BLS provider’s ambulance does not have the necessary equipment to provide an airway, such as cardiac monitoring and cardiac support devices.

What is ALS?

Advanced life support is abbreviated as ALS. As basic first aid, an ALS provider can administer high-dose injections and drugs to a patient who is suffering from serious medication-related wounds or even heart stokes. In the ambulance, there is an advanced mechanism technician and an ALS provider. For patients in critical condition, ALS provides enhanced care.

ALS incorporates the one most important skill a Provider can ever acquire – Critical Thinking – to help better analyse the problem and make life-or-death decisions about what to do, what not to do… and when!

The ALS provider’s ambulance has features such as airway support devices, cardiac monitors, cardiac supporting machines, and a device that examines a patient’s glucose level in the ambulance. When a patient is in a serious condition and is about to be admitted to a hospital, ALS plays a key role.

In an ALS ambulance, medications are also administered on board. Medical monitoring at a high level is required for patients under the ALS system, with drips and other high-efficiency treatments administered within the ambulance. The people who work in the ALS ambulance to keep an eye on the patients are well-trained.

What is BLS?

Basic Life Support, or BLS, is the sort of care given to patients who are suffering from cardiac arrest, respiratory distress, or a blocked airway by first rescuers, health professionals, and public safety officers.

CPR, the use of automated external defibrillators (AEDs), and the removal of airway obstructions in patients of all ages are all required skills.

The most fundamental element of BLS is that it provides basic medication to a patient who isn’t feeling well before EMS arrives. Patients who receive BLS therapy include those with minor to moderate fractures, those who are transferred from an ICU to a normal ward, and those who are changed to a non-emergency transit vehicle.

Basic life support ambulance, which is assisted by EMTs, is available to patients with patellofemoral fractures, patients transferred to sub-acute care facilities or released to home care, psychiatric patients, and other non-emergency medical transports.

BLS ambulance workers are prohibited from injecting, delivering medications, establishing an IV, or doing any other medically necessary technique, including cardiac monitoring, that breaks the skin of patients. The term “basic” refers to the fact that no sophisticated operations of any kind are allowed.

Main Differences Between ALS and BLS

  1. ALS stands for advanced life support, whereas BLS stands for basic life support.
  2. A BLS ambulance’s technicians are unable to perform any type of surgery or medical treatment that requires the use of needles or other instruments that cause cuts, and they are also unable to administer any type of severe medicine, whereas an ALS ambulance’s technicians are able to perform any type of surgery or medical treatment.
  3. In a BLS ambulance, there are normally two medical technicians, and in a BLS ambulance, there are medical technicians plus a paramedic.
  4. A technician in ALS needs more expertise than a technician in BLS, whereas a technician in BLS need only basic training compared to an ALS technician.
  5. The ALS ambulance has equipment to support airway, cardiac monitors, cardiac supporting machines, and a device to test a patient’s glucose level, however the BLS ambulance does not have all of this equipment.

Conclusion

In the event of a medical emergency, ALS and BLS are two major forms of support systems. In a BLS ambulance, there are normally two medical technicians, and in a BLS ambulance, there are medical technicians plus a paramedic.

A technician in ALS needs more expertise than a technician in BLS, whereas a technician in BLS requires less training than an ALS technician.

Both are life-sustaining systems; the only difference is that one is fundamental and the other is advanced. Both ALS and BLS are critical components of pre-hospitalization therapy for any patient.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0300957211002401
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10903120701205984