Difference Between Alien and Immigrant (With Table)

Alien and Immigrant considered as the non-resident of any country. Mainly, a person from any other country as a foreigner comes into the country where they don’t reside but just visit for the time being is referred to as Alien. On the other side, a person who comes from his resident country to settle in another country permanently is an immigrant.

Alien vs Immigrant 

The main difference between aliens and immigrants is that aliens are the people who move from one country to another for a short period just in case of traveling. In contrast, those who move to another country for a maybe longer or permanent basis to settle are called immigrants.

An Alien is any person from another country who moves to a country where he or she does not have the citizenship; we must say that person is a non-citizen visiting another country for the first time or just coming for a while. Since a person is not a citizen of that particular country where he visits for a short time, that person has no rights that citizens grant. 

An immigrant is a person from a foreign country and then moves to another country permanently to settle and apply for citizenship, which means they come to relocate or to a new country from their birthplace. As long as they are now permanent citizens, they have rights to that new country.

Comparison Table Between Alien and Immigrant.

Parameters of comparison         Alien       Immigrant
Definition It refers to the people moving to a new country for temporary.On the other hand, as immigrants, people permanently move to a new country to get citizenship.
Citizenship No, they don’t have and can’t be considered citizens until they are not applying for citizenship.  Yes, they can be considered a citizen since they are permanent residents.
Laws.They are subjected to the laws based on no citizen.Immigrants are subjected to the laws based on being a permanent citizens.

Aliens mainly move to new countries for study, traveling, or short business trips.They move to another country for permanent employment and business basis.
   Period of living.They don’t stay permanent They move with the goal of protracted residence. 

What is an Alien?

Suppose an Indian person comes to South Korea for traveling education purposes just a short period, not for permanent. That means he or she is an Alien since that person does not pertain to the host nation. 

Aliens are non-citizens and have no rights over that country’s policy and laws; however, they can be endorsed to commemorate non-citizen rules, regulations, and laws. There are 2 types of aliens, one is legal, and the other is illegal. The legal ones need to be verified visas since it is an imperative document they should have for consideration of proof. 

Suppose a person residing in any other country without this documentation of proof or indication can be assessed as an illegal alien. Aliens mainly move to another country to study, travel, or maybe a furlough. One more thing to be noted here is that aliens either have the right to work or not. 

A person can’t give a vote in the host country and does not have the right to join the military force. Since Aliens are also human beings, especially those who are lawfully living there, they have rights in another country, such as providing a safe and robust working environment, freely moving, health care and social security, etc. 

Since birth, in the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Oman, Bahrain, and Qatar, several non-citizens have lived in these countries. But, Arab states do not easily accord citizenship to non-citizens.

What is an Immigrant?

A person who comes to a nation to take up permanent residence refers as an immigrant. Mainly immigrants choose to leave their country for a better job or better education or marriage. Immigrants are entrepreneurs who start businesses at a higher rate than native-born citizens. Immigrants are taking our jobs; they are creating new jobs. 

The immigrants plan to become permanent residents and citizens of the new country. Immigrants have to adopt strict laws and rules that contain immigration. To have a permanent residence and citizenship in a new country, they required substantial employment and residential dignity to be obtainable. In this, a person is vanquished to the new country’s laws. 

They have to follow all the rules and laws according to the county they are residing in permanently or for a longer period. However, it also relies upon the employment and business alternatives they get in the new country. Immigrants can either be an alien or not be. 

If a person chooses to have citizenship in another country, they are no longer an alien. Immigrants are also required to have essential documents for having permanent citizenship. We can only reside as immigrants in another country if we have work or a place to reside.

The Main Difference Between Aliens and Immigrants

  1. If a person is residing in a new or foreign country temporarily, it is referred to as Alien. In contrast, a person residing permanently as a citizen of any new country is referred to as an immigrant.
  2. Aliens have to accept the laws and rules of the host country for nonresidents; on the other hand, immigrants have to follow all the laws, policies, and rules according to the new country he or she is living in permanently.
  3. Alien is not a citizen of any new country. However, immigrants can be both either they are citizens or not.
  4. Aliens only move to a new country for traveling, vacations, and study; nevertheless, immigrants move for permanent employment.
  5. Aliens cannot have provided a green card visa after arrival in the United States, whereas immigrants can have a green card since a green card only issues those who already have an immigrant visa.


There are two sundries of terms for residing in any country other than birthplace: Alien and immigrant. Aliens are those people who reside in a new country for only traveling, enjoying vacation, and maybe studying for a short time. They don’t consider themselves citizens of a foreign country, have no right to vote, and can’t have all rights.

Still, they have to follow some rules and laws on a non-citizen basis. Apart from that, some people permanently move to a foreign country and get citizenship. It alternatively depends on the availability of employment and business opportunities. They have to follow all the laws, policies, and rules permitted by the new country they live in as an immigrant.


  1. https://scholar.google.com/scholar?hl=en&as_sdt=0%2C5&q=Difference+between+Alien+and+immigrant+&btnG=#d=gs_qabs&u=%23p%3D89zZ-y2uah8J
  2. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00207284.2020.1718504