Difference Between Algebra and Trigonometry (With Table)

The World foresees different inventions and outcomes with the help of calculation. The contemporary World depends upon mathematics for the changes we are witnessing in the present World. Various factors create an environment in the mathematics world that can help solve significant problems and find new solutions to complex ideas.

Some factors put mathematics as the primary thing towards invention. Algebra and Trigonometry are two of the many factors that help solve problems and create a sense of understanding towards the unknown. 

Algebra vs Trigonometry

The main difference between algebra and trigonometry is that algebra involves rules, equations, and variables in solving the problems, whereas the study of measuring triangles is known as trigonometry, where trigonometry deals with only the Right-angled triangle.

Algebra helps in equating two sets of problems in the world of Mathematics. It is similar to Arithmetic in many ways, using the same signs for its operation, which are known as “+,” “-,” “×,” ÷.” These signs help perform actions in arithmetic which is the primary establishment of solving problems. Algebra introduces us to the concept of variables while solving equations and helps in making complex equations simple.

Trigonometry is a set of rules dealing in triangles and falls in the geometry family. Trigonometry deals in the Right-angled triangle by helping us find the measurement of sides of the triangle with correct angles. Trigonometry helps calculate the height of mountains, trees, etc. Trigonometry helps in measuring all the things present in a triangle. 

Comparison Table Between Algebra and Trigonometry

Parameters of ComparisonAlgebraTrigonometry
Area of DealingDeals in equation, variables, and rules.Deals in a right-angled triangle.
UsageUse variables in solving the equationUse theta as the primary source in measuring angles.
Special attributionUse variables such as any alphabetical character.Use of theta known as sin, cos, tan, etc.
ApplicationDeals in calculating the slope of a roof or predicting the growth of population.Deals in calculating height of a mountain or tree etc.
TypesLinear, quadratic, polynomial, etc.An application that involves functions like sine, cosine, tangent, cotangent, secant, and cosecant.

What is Algebra?

Algebra is the one that deals in equations dealing in variables, i.e., any alphabetical character can be a variable in algebra while solving the equation. Algebra is similar to arithmetic, where arithmetic deals in an equation with a set of rules but is not complex and happens to be simple. Algebra deals mostly with multiplication other than addition, division, and subtraction. The most common denotation of a variable in algebra is “x,” which can be any number concerning the equation.

Algebra follows some valid set of rules while solving an equation. The only limitation of using a variable in an equation is that the same symbol or letter can only be used differently. In contrast, it cannot be used in the same equation because the values may differ, and the equation will not be complete.

There are three main types of the algebraic equation:

  1. Linear Equation
  2. Quadratic Equation     
  3. Cubic Equation

An equation is a set of numbers and symbols from both sides with an equal sign between them. Algebra solves this equation with variables, co-efficient, and constants.

Algebra helps calculate the slope of a roof, the time one would need to get to a new destination, time taken for a ball to fly through the air, predict population growth, etc.

What is Trigonometry?

There are six elements of a point commonly utilized in geometry. Their names and shortened forms are sine (sin), cosine (cos), digression (tan), cotangent (bunk), secant (sec), and cosecant (CSC). These six mathematical capacities correspond to a right-angled triangle. The measurement of these angles with the height of sides is done through trigonometry.

Trigonometry has formulas through which we can deal with a right-angled triangle where the length of the base can be acquired and we can find the hypotenuse or the angle of an alternation. 

Geometry was created from a need to process points and distances in such fields as stargazing, mapmaking, looking over, and big guns range finding. Issues including points and lengths in a single plane are shrouded in plane geometry. Applications to similar problems in more than one plane of three-layered space are considered in a circular geometry. Trigonometry is a member of the geometry family that helps measure right-angled triangles.

Trigonometry helped in many ways before the computer world came, and measuring angles is easier than ever. The architecture and infrastructure in the contemporary world happened only for trigonometric formulas and applications.

Main Differences Between Algebra and Trigonometry

  1. While solving an equation through algebra, we deal with rules followed by variables and constants. The equations are generally complex, whereas Trigonometry with a set of rules and formulas deals with a right-angled triangle. 
  2. Algebra uses variables that can be any alphabetical letter while solving an equation. In contrast, in Trigonometry, while calculating an angle, we assume it by theta, and are commonly known as sin, cos, tan, cosec theta, etc. 
  3. Particular attribution is given to different formulas in both topics. Algebra comes in procedures where the default operation is multiplication, but Trigonometry has formulas for every theta in calculating sides and angles.
  4. Algebra can equate an equation and plot it in a graph. By planning, we can calculate the slope of a roof, predict the growth of a population, acquire time taken by an object to travel to a particular destination, etc. Using Trigonometry, we can calculate the height of mountains and trees. 
  5. While calculating, algebra comes with mainly three types of expression. Trigonometry has sets of formulas for various situations while measuring a triangle.


Technology has indeed performed significant innovations towards the dawn of every era, and measuring or equating things is very easy. The two factors that affect the mathematical world do help in many ways before the innovations flourished.

Different sets of rules and formulas perform in separate fields and have various acquisitions in solving complex problems. Hence, algebra and trigonometry are primary factors of mathematics but fall in different families within the same.


  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=oWzoOWp_tWgC&oi=fnd&pg=PP13&dq=algebra&ots=qs2YEHuMic&sig=R93D6GaiWEERzypCewSLWm3fLH0
  2. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=MBAwrjc3gqMC&oi=fnd&pg=PP2&dq=trigonometry&ots=1sX94G_vgq&sig=a08a8KqNSdM-LQi3pkLTKRp31Cs