Difference Between Alcohol and Water (With Table)

Without water, no one can survive on this earth. The significance of water is demonstrated by the fact that it makes up about 60% of our bodies. Alcohol is a chemical substance that can be used for productive uses (medical aims and science studies) or can cause health problems. Water is a type of molecular element that is required for life, such as humans, plants, and animals, while alcohol is a chemical substance that can be used for productive uses (medical aims and science experiments) or can cause health problems.

Alcohol vs Water 

The main difference between alcohol and water is that alcohol exists solely in the fluid form of matter. On the other hand, water exists in all three forms of matter: liquid, solid, and vapor. Water is a chemical entity with no flavor while alcohol is a chemical complex having a sweet or sour taste.

Alcohol is classified as a depressant, which means it slows down important functions, leading in partial paralysis, unstable movement, distorted perceptions, and a delayed reaction time. When it comes to how it affects the mind, it’s best described as a substance that impairs a person’s capacity to think clearly and distorts their judgement.

Atoms make up everything. The lowest component of an element, such as oxygen or hydrogen, is called an atom. Molecules are formed when atoms come together. Two hydrogen (H) atoms and one oxygen (O) atom make up a water molecule. That’s why H2O is occasionally used to reference to water. There are billions of water molecules in a single drop of water.

Comparison Table Between Alcohol and Water

Parameters of ComparisonAlcoholWater
Chemical FormulaC2H5OH  H₂O
State of MatterOnly exists in a single liquid form.The three states of matter are solid (ice), liquid (water), and gaseous (air) (steam or vapor)
Type of SubstanceAlcohol is a chemical substance Water is made up of molecules.
Boiling Point78.37 °C100°C
TasteThe majority of alcoholic beverages have a somewhat tannic flavor.Water has no flavor.

What is Alcohol?

Despite being classed as a depressant, the sort of impact is determined on the quantity of alcohol taken. The majority of individuals consume alcohol for the stimulant impact, such as a beer or a glass of wine to “loosen up.” However, if a person consumes more alcohol than their body can take, they will feel the depressive effects of alcohol. They begin to feel “dumb,” and their concentration and control begin to deteriorate.

Overdosing on alcohol has even greater economic downturn .These responses are dependent on the amount of food ingested and how soon it is digested.

There are several types of alcohol. The only alcohol used in drinks is ethanol, which is created by fermenting grains and fruits. Fermentation is a chemical reaction in which yeast reacts with specific substances in food to produce alcohol.

Alcohol, unlike many other psychoactive substances, is generally socially acceptable and legal in most countries. However, there are often restrictions on the sale and consumption of alcohol, such as a required drinking age and laws forbidding public drinking. Intoxicated people lose their senses rapidly, which is why they are not allowed on the road or work (in a drunken state).

Ethanol is the name for the kind of alcohol found in beverages (ethyl alcohol). The sugars in grains, fruits, and vegetables are fermented by yeast. Wine, for example, is manufactured from grape sugar, whereas vodka is derived from potato sugar.

What is Water?

Pure water has no flavour, no odour, and no colour. Water exists in three states: solid (ice), liquid (water), and gas (water) (vapor).

Ice is solid water that has been frozen. Water molecules travel wider apart as it freezes, making ice less heavy than water. This means that ice will float in water since it will be light than the same amount of water. Water is cooled at 0 degrees Celsius (32 degrees Fahrenheit).

Liquid water is a type of water that is both moist and fluid. This is the type of water we are most familiar with. We utilize liquid water for a variety of purposes, including cleaning and drinking.

The water vapor clings to microscopic dust particles in the air. In warm temperatures, it condenses as raindrops. It freezes in freezing temperatures and becomes snow or hail.

The vapour of water is constantly present in air around us as a gas. It’s hidden from view. When you boil water, it transforms from a liquid to a gas, often known as water vapor. We detect a little cloud of steam as part of the water vapor cools. This steam cloud is a miniature imitation of the clouds that we see in the sky. Steam is created at a temperature of 100 degrees Celsius (212 degrees Fahrenheit) at sea level.

Main Differences Between Alcohol and Water 

  1. Alcohol has the molecular formula C2H5OH, whereas water has the chemical formula H2O.
  2. Alcohol exists in the fluid state of matter, whereas water exists in three states: liquid, gaseous, and solid.
  3. Water is a physical entity, whereas alcohol is a chemical compound.
  4. Alcohol has a boiling point of 78.37 °C, while water has a boiling temperature of 100 °C.
  5. The majority of alcoholic beverages have a somewhat tannic flavor, but water has no taste.


Water and alcohol have opposite characteristics: one gives life while the other takes it away. Water is a life-sustaining component that we need till we die. Water has the ability to dissolve a broad variety of materials. It may be used in the kitchen to prepare a variety of dishes.

While alcohol may be used to make both drinks and dangerous liquids, it is not recommended. On the one hand, it is dangerous since it may significantly damage a patient’s overall abilities, leading to a range of health problems such as kidney and liver injury, cancer, and heart failure; yet, it also has essential medicinal, scientific, and manufacturing uses. It’s also utilized as a fuel and, on rare occasions, in the manufacturing of fragrances.


  1. https://pubs.acs.org/doi/pdf/10.1021/ja01438a004
  2. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/anie.200603378