Difference Between Airport and Railway Station (With Table)

The basic difference between an airport and a railway station is that they both are concerned with different modes of transport. Therefore, they require different transport mediums.

Airports are required for air transport while railway stations are related to land transport. This is why both are used for different types of vehicular facilities.

Airport vs Railway Station

The main difference between Airport and Railway Station is that airports are designed for airplanes and other aerial vehicles. On the other hand, railway stations are designed for trains and locomotives. Airplanes are designed for planes to take off and railway stations depot various types of trains.

Airports include a runway strip for an airplane, private jet, or commercial jet. With this system, they can facilitate their landing as well as their take-off. The term aerodrome is commonly used for defining airports. It means that they are the specific locations for various aircraft operations.

Railway stations are used for the unloading and loading of passengers or cargo. They can accommodate various types of passenger trains and can be situated underground or on the ground level, depending on the country and place. Most railway stations are interconnected through a network of railway lines

Comparison Table Between Airport and Railway Station

Parameters of comparisonAirportRailway Station
Mode of transportAirports are concerned with air transportRailway stations are concerned with land transport
Ticket priceTicket prices are ranged from average to expensive. Preferred by VIPsTicket prices are ranged from cheap to average. Preferred by the common man
HistoryThe first airport can be dated back to 1907The First Railway station can be dated back to 1807
Security levelSince most airports are designed for international flights, the security level is top-notchRailway stations are made for interconnected travel within the country, therefore the security level is optimum
Medium of VehicleAirplanes, jetsMultiples types of trains

What is an Airport?

Airport refers to an area reserved for aircraft activity. This means that different types of airplanes and jets will either land or take off from this area. A typical runway strip facilitates this process and is one of the most crucial parts of an airport.

Other parts of an airport include a control tower for monitoring, the landing area for planes, and terminals for boarding passengers. Larger airports might include flight lines, taxiway bridges, lounges, and restaurants. Some nations also have fixed-based operators which serve the general purpose of aviation.

Most of the airports in the world facilitate international flight systems. This means that you can travel inter-continents with the help of airports and airplanes. This is why airports have a very high level of security checks to ensure complete safety

Airports also contribute vastly to both air and noise pollution because of high jet emissions. This is why modern airports are built according to strict environmental norms. Furthermore, they are prone to disasters like extreme weather, rise in sea level, and climate change.

The tourism industry is greatly benefitted by the presence of airports. International flights from airports allow millions of tourists to visit several countries.

What is a Railway Station?

A railway station is a railway facility for providing stoppage points for multiple types of trains. These trains can stop at the railway stations and unload or load their required number of individuals or cargos. These stations are given names based on their city or territory.

The oldest railway station was made by the Britishers and is situated in Liverpool. The history of railway stations along with railways dates back to almost two centuries ago. This means that railway stations can be regarded as one of the oldest mediums of transport.

Essential parts of a railway station may include a ticket machine, platform, parking space, and an overbridge. They are usually larger in size and consist of multiple platforms. The largest railway station is in New York and took nearly ten years to build completely.

Railway stations are interconnected through railway lines or tracks. In most countries, they are run by the government but few examples of privatized railway stations do exist.

Railway stations are also necessary for the economic class. As it gives various employment opportunities related to station maintenance. This can be the station cleaning department, stationeries and confectionaries as well as for the porters.

Main Differences Between Airport and Railway Station

  1. Airports are made for airplanes to take off or land while railway stations are made as a stoppage or leaving point for trains.
  2. Airports are usually opted by the higher strata whereas railway stations are meant for the lower strata
  3. Airports allow you to board international flights whereas railway stations are meant for nationwide travel
  4. Airports have a high level of security check whereas railway stations have a medium level of security check
  5. Airports are the modern way of transport whereas railway stations are in use since the 19th-century


Airports and Railway Station have provided a great deal of development to human civilization. With the ease of travel between countries and states, import and export have done exceedingly well. Not only trade but also the exchange of cultural values have taken place with the help of these transport systems.

Airports have managed to bridge the gap between developed and non-developed countries. This has allowed to reduce indifferences and strengthen cross-border relations. With international flights boarding from airports frequently, continental travel has become easy.

Railway Stations have contributed vastly to uplift the common economic section of the society. With an increase in employment opportunities and reduction in inter-state distance, they have tremendously benefitted society. A good percentage of people are dependent on the railway station to earn their wages.

This mix of the modern and old system of transport is still aiding the progress of nations. Better airports and railway stations simply mean efficient GDP and the overall progress of a country. Thus, airports and railway stations contribute to the economy richly based on massive trade. Along with that, they largely benefit individuals socially.


  1. https://www.taylorfrancis.com/chapters/edit/10.4324/9781315242316-19/role-intermodal-transportation-airport-management-perspective-frankfurt-airport-hans-fakiner
  2. https://www.sne-journal.org/fileadmin/user_upload_sne/SNE_Issues_OA/SNE_24_34/articles/sne.24.34.10253.sn.OA.pdf