Difference Between AIDS and Malaria (With Table)

HIV/AIDS may increase the chance of malarial illness in adult men and non-pregnant women, particularly in people who have advanced immunosuppression, in step with recent research. If you reside in a locality with unstable malaria transmission, you’ll be at greater risk of developing severe malaria if you’re HIV-positive.

AIDS vs Malaria

The main difference between AIDS and Malaria is that Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) could be a disease that affects the system of the creature. The Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the primary reason for AIDS. Malaria, on the opposite hand, is a communicable disease caused by a eukaryote containing Plasmodium genes.

AIDS may be a chronic, potentially fatal disorder caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). This is often because HIV damages your system, making you more vulnerable to infection. HIV could be an STI. It may also be passed from mother to kid through pregnancy, childbirth, or breastfeeding.

Without medicine, HIV can impair your system for years before becoming AIDS. HIV/AIDS has no cure, however, drugs can significantly reduce its course. It’s helped several developed countries cut AIDS fatalities.

Malaria is a communicable disease spread by mosquitoes that affect people and other animals alike. Malaria is characterized by symptoms like fever, exhaustion, vomiting, and headaches, among other things. If left untreated, it may result in yellowing of the skin, convulsions, coma, or death.

Comparison Table Between AIDS and Malaria

Parameters of ComparisonAIDSMalaria
TransmissionAIDS is spread by direct contact with an HIV-infected mucous membrane or bloodstream.The female Anopheles mosquito is responsible for the transmission of malaria.
Controllability Uncontrollable. There is currently no effective treatment for AIDS.Malaria is a disease that can be cured and controlled.
SymptomsFever, joint pain, shivering, anaemia, vomiting, retinal issues, convulsions, and hemoglobinuria are among malarial symptoms. Malaria patients can experience abrupt chills, fever, and sweating.A healthy HIV-infected person would not show early symptoms. AIDS patients are more prone to cervical cancer, Kaposi’s sarcoma, and immune system malignancies. Swollen glands, fever, and weight loss are common symptoms.
ComplicationsCardiovascular disorders, osteoporosis, and even fracture riskVascular enlargement, anemia, hypoglycemia, pulmonary fluid accumulation, and potentially organ failure (kidney, liver)
PrecautionsAbstinence, avoiding unprotected sex, and never sharing needles, syringes, or other pieces of equipment are also recommended.Don’t share needles and syringes, sleep with a mosquito net, protect your skin, and use bug spray

What is AIDS?

Humans got HIV from a chimp in the Central African Republic. Infected chimpanzee blood was presumably transferred to humans when humans hunted these chimpanzees for meat. HIV may have transferred from chimps to humans as early because the late 1800s. HIV spread slowly across Africa so over the planet. we all know the virus has been around since the mid-late 1970s.

Non-treated HIV patients often bear three stages. But HIV treatment can halt or stop the disease. Stage 3 progression is smaller amount common now than it had been within the youth of HIV.

Stage 1: Acute HIV. They need lots of HIV in their blood. They spread easily. Some folks have the flu. a standard response to infection. However, others might not feel unwell in any respect. If you experience flu-like symptoms and suspect HIV exposure, consult a doctor and request an acute infection test.

Stage 2: Chronic HIV Asymptomatic HIV infection or clinical latency. Still active albeit at low levels, HIV. During this phase, no symptoms or illnesses may occur. This phase may continue a decade or longer without HIV treatment, but some improve faster. Then people can spread the virus. The viral load (HIV within the blood) increases while the helper T cell count decreases. Because the virus levels rise within the body, the person may develop symptoms and advance into Stage 3.

Stage 3: AIDS (AIDS). The foremost serious HIV infection. Thanks to their weakened immune systems, AIDS patients develop more serious illnesses referred to as opportunistic infections. AIDS is diagnosed when the T lymphocyte count falls below 200 cells/mm or when specific opportunistic infections occur. AIDS patients may be very infectious. AIDS patients live roughly three years without treatment.

What is Malaria?

Malaria may be a fever illness caused by Plasmodium parasites that are transmitted to humans by mosquito bites from infected female Anopheles mosquitos. Malaria in humans is caused by generally spread by species of parasites, two of which – P. falciparum and P. vivax – are the foremost dangerous. The plasmodium falciparum is the deadliest and most typical on the African continent. Outside of the geographical area, P. vivax is the commonest Plasmodium vivax.

Malaria may be a life-threatening parasitic disease spread by bites from infected female Anopheles mosquitoes. It’s both avoidable and treatable. Malaria is predicted to affect 241 million people worldwide by 2020.

In 2020, it’s expected that 627 000 people will die from malaria. The WHO African Region is liable for a disproportionately great deal of the worldwide malaria burden. In 2020, 95 percent of malaria cases and 96 percent of malaria deaths occurred within the region. An estimated 80% of all malaria deaths within the Region occurred in children under the age of 5.

Plasmodium (single-celled parasites) can infect people and cause sickness in five different species:

  • Plasmodium falciparum may be a parasitic infection caused by Plasmodium falcipa (or P. falciparum)
  • Plasmodium malaria be a parasitic infection caused by Plasmodium malaria (or P. malaria)
  • Plasmodium vivax could be a parasitic infection caused by Plasmodium viva (or P. vivax)
  • Plasmodium ovale (Plasmodium ovale) could be a parasitic (or P. ovale)
  • Plasmodium knowlesi may be a worm (or P. knowlesi)

Main Differences Between AIDS and Malaria

  1. AIDS spreads more quickly, whereas malaria is endemic and only occurs in locations where infected mosquitoes may thrive.
  2. AIDS impacts the human system, whereas malaria is a communicable disease that affects the body’s liver and red blood cells.
  3. AIDS is communicated through sexual interaction or contact with contaminated blood, whereas malaria is spread by a female anopheles bite.
  4. Malaria spreads in a very restricted group and might be controlled, whereas AIDS can become uncontrollable.
  5. Malaria can cause long-term retinal difficulties, fluid accumulation within the lungs, and even organ failure, whereas AIDS can induce neurological disorders, cardiovascular illness, and chronic weakening.

Conclusion

When AIDS is in its early stages, it doesn’t happen with obvious symptoms, making it critical to try to do regular checks. Malaria may necessitate immediate medical intervention, so it’s important to look at the symptoms of the disease from the start.

Both diseases are lethal in their title. They need the potential to end in major consequences if not addressed. Neither of them has access to correct treatment. Some drugs can only alleviate the agony while also slowing the expansion of the disease. It’s critical to require the required steps to avoid contracting any of the diseases.

References

  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S095279150000251X
  2. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1746-1049.2007.00037.x