Difference Between Affirm and Confirm (With Table)

The mistake of mixing up words that sound similar in conversation or even in social situations is something that many individuals make regularly. Homophones are words that sound pretty similar yet have two completely different meanings, despite their similar sound. Even well-versed English rhetoricians are prone to making this type of mistake from time to time. Affirm and Confirm are two conventional word pairs that are frequently misunderstood to mean the opposite of what they mean.

The phrase ‘confirm’ has undoubtedly been thrown about a few times now. On the other hand, the affirmative verb is utilized in fewer and fewer contexts.

Affirm vs Confirm

The main difference Between Affirm and Confirm is that affirm has only one meaning, it can create a positive assertion and exercise it as a claim or cause. On the other hand, confirmation can establish a negative statement and exercise it as a cause. “Confirm” can be taken in two different directions, and one’s job is to demonstrate that a statement is correct, while the other’s job is to urge the assertion to be correct.

Affirm is a verb that means to say or assert something in a positive way and also to keep a certain thing true. Transitive verbs need a direct subject and one or more objects. Affirm, on the other hand, doesn’t need any objects.

Confirm is an intransitive verb, which means it needs an object after it. It means verifying, confirming, or establishing the truth, validity, or accuracy of things. Confirm can also mean to make something official or legal, or to make certain things legal or valid, or to confirm certain things. Confirm can also be used to confirm a certain fact with certainty and to back up a person’s beliefs, habits, and other things that they say.

Comparison Table Between Affirm and Confirm

Parameters Of ComparisonAffirmConfirm
What does it mean?Affirm means to express something without a shred of doubt or to declare a person’s support for something; to uphold; to defend something. Affirm is a legal term that is typically used in a legal situation.Confirmation is the process of determining the actuality and validity of something. Confirmation can also be used to confer a spiritual rite on a person.
Examples“Her mother confirmed her findings.” The mother has been forthright in expressing her feelings.A DNA test indicated that he was Rakhi’s father, confirmed by results. There is sufficient evidence to determine and confirm the statement as mentioned above conclusively.
Noun and its adjectiveThe noun affirmance is used here, and the adjective affirmable is used.Confirmable is the adjective in this sentence, while comfortability is the noun.
UsageAffirm is always used for positive sentences.Confirm can be used for both positive and negative sentences.
VerbTalking of verbs, Affirm is a transitive verb.Confirm, on the other hand, is an intransitive verb.

What is Affirm?

Something which can be declared in a public & emphatic manner is affirmative. According to this definition, this is a transitive verb that only has a few objects and the requirement for just a direct subject to be utilized in contrast to the intransitive verbs, which are not transitive. When it comes to its origins, affirm was derived from a Latin word affirm are (which means to make anything official and resolute) formed from the verb firmware, which means to strengthen.

As an example, she was holding the infant in her arms as she was speaking. In this case, the infant is the primary object of the carrying.

Assuredly and firmly stated in the sentence, the mother undoubtedly carried the child. Affirm also has a figurative sense, and it is to express your support for someone or something you are committed to, such as by demonstrating your commitment.

Consider the following example: His father was a determined army officer who was always faithful to his Mother Earth & who will always stand for his people, regardless of the circumstances. In this scene, the officer is shown to be loyal towards his country and willing to lend his assistance to the citizens.

What is Confirm?

Essential to understanding would be that the word confirmation comes from the Latin term confirmare, which translates as strengthening and putting into effect. Confirmation is indeed the act of stating the truthfulness of a fact or perhaps even the truthfulness of a claim. It is typically used to assert something that could be considered incorrect or requires some confirmation to be definite.

According to the authorities, authorities discovered proof in one case that the murderer was indeed a member of a Rajput family.

To put it another way, it suggests that there is some reason to believe again the statement to police that was made public earlier. According to the Christian religion, confirmation is a sacrament administered to the person to recognize them as a complete clergy member.

When assigning someone to a critical position and reporting the death or birth of someone essential in your organization, you can even use the phrase “confirm.”

For example, in this case, it has been verified that Prince will indeed be crowned King mainly on the eve of his birthday, which is a rare occurrence.

Sharma’s family got confirmation of something like the birth of even their future heir this morning, before the rest of the world.

Main Differences Between Affirm and Confirm

  1. When compared to affirm, which would be used to express official agreement to any authorized transaction, confirm should only be used when you wish to state a person’s thoughts and opinions and have firm faith in the accuracy of their statements.
  2. Even though affirm is most often used positively, it’s used in positive or negative contexts.
  3. To affirm is synonymous with to warrant, announce, or assert, among other things, whereas its antonyms include to forbid, reject, and so on, according to the dictionary. It is also possible to bear, certify, or debate and confirm, and its opponents are invalidation, improvement, & refutation, respectively.
  4. In some cases, the verb affirms could assert that it is either a transitive or an intransitive version of the verb, depending on the context. Generally speaking, the verb confirm used like the transitive verb, which transfers from one location to another.
  5. Consider the diamond, for example, where we cannot swear for its authenticity. In the end, the robber admitted his act, but it was later determined that the diamond also in question was a forgery.


It is expected inside the English language for two words to be mistaken for one another, which confirms and affirms. In most cases, this misunderstanding can be attributed to the similarity in articulation between the two terms and a specific relationship in importance that the two words have.

In any event, assert & affirm are two different words that could convey a wide range of meanings in various contexts, making it necessary to scrutinize their definitions.


  1. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S215226502102156X
  2. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0885230809000230