Difference Between ADHD and Gifted (With Table)

Many parents are concerned about their child’s or children’s mental health, especially if they see something unusual in their children’s behaviour.

One of the most frequently asked questions is if their child has ADHD or is gifted. Experts have been known to diagnose ADHD based solely on parent and teacher observations of the child’s actions and a fast assessment of the child.

ADHD vs Gifted

The main difference between ADHD and Gifted is that  ADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, which is one of the most common developmental illnesses in children. Gifted children, on the other hand, are those who have been endowed with a higher IQ than other youngsters, which can be a double-edged sword.

Impulsivity, inattention, and hyperactivity are the three main symptoms of ADHD. According to various estimates, two percent of school-aged children have ADHD.

It is usually diagnosed, but it may progress into adulthood. Children with disabilities may have trouble concentrating, limiting impulsive acts (doing something without thinking about the consequences), or being overly active.

Giftedness is frequently characterised as a mental capacity associated with an IQ of 130 or higher. However, not every brilliant youngster excels in the classroom.

In comparison to their colleagues, certain people may have exceptional creative, artistic, musical, and/or leadership qualities.

Giftedness might be specific to a single talent or more general.

Comparison Table Between ADHD and Gifted

Parameters of ComparisonADHDGifted
MeaningADHD stands for Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, and it is one of the most common developmental illnesses in children.Gifted students are students that have remarkable skills, abilities, or prospects that demand special adjustments to meet their academic needs.
Causes1.Blood relatives, such as a relative or family member, who suffer from ADHD or other mental health difficulties.
2.Toxin exposure from the environment, such as lead, which is typically found in older house paint and pipes.
1.Misalignment of the genes.
2.Mental disease both inherited and contagious.
Symptoms1.Being really agitated.
2.Excessive breathing and movement.
3.Impulsivity is the ability to behave without thinking.
1.They are shy and awkward and need a certain kind of company.
2.They have a high level of emotional sensitivity.
RecoveryWhile there is no cure for ADHD, those who suffer from it may benefit from mental health care. For many people, recovery entails continuing to treat their ADHD symptoms.The disparities between a genius and a typical child are balanced by eventual psychotherapies and mingling with society.
MedicinesLisdexamfetamine, Dexamfetamine, MethylphenidateRelaxation aids include neurostimulants and sleeping medications.

What is ADHD?

The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) of 1999 identified ADHD and ADD as conditions that should be classed as Other Health Impaired for the first time.

One of the most frequent mental diseases affecting children is attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Many adults suffer from ADHD. Inattention (inability to maintain concentration), hyperactivity (excessive movement that is inappropriate for the situation), and impulsivity are all symptoms of ADHD

ADHD affects approximately 8.4% of children and 2.5 percent of adults.

 When disruption in the classroom or problems with homework occur, ADHD is frequently detected in school-aged children. It is more prevalent in boys than in girls.

Many ADHD symptoms, such as excessive movement, inability to sit still for long periods of time, and short attention spans, are typical in young children. The differences in children with ADHD is that their restlessness and inattention are significantly higher than normal for their age, causing distress and/or issues functioning at home, school, or with friends.

ADHD can be classified into three types: inattentive, hyperactive/impulsive, or mixed. The symptoms that have occurred in the last six months are used to make a diagnosis.

What is Gifted?

A child’s giftedness is defined as a skill that is much greater than that of other children of the same age. Initially, the focus was on intellectual giftedness, but it has now expanded to embrace a wide range of abilities.

Gifted children’s minds often develop ahead of their physical growth, and various cognitive and emotional processes are frequently at different stages of development.

Furthermore, giftedness is frequently distributed unequally across different intellectual fields. As a result, an individual may be gifted in mathematics but not in spelling or verbal talents.

In some situations, it may be beneficial for the child to join a gifted programme or school, where they will have ample opportunity for progress in a classroom setting that is attentive to their needs and stimulates them appropriately.

Every brilliant child may accomplish their full potential at school provided they have access to the correct resources and emotional and intellectual support.

A combination of ability and accomplishment tests, as well as observation and/or a study of the student’s portfolio of work, are frequently used to assess giftedness.

A child’s activities both inside and outside of school, as well as cognitive abilities, inventiveness, and affective and behavioural tendencies, may be taken into account.

Main Differences Between ADHD and Gifted

  1. ADHD is defined as hypersensitivity and hyperactivity, whereas talented children are mentally superior in a single domain.
  2. While ADHD is incurable, gifted children’s issues can be addressed.
  3. ADHD necessitates the services of a psychotherapist as well as a vigilant guardian, whereas brilliant children are typically supervised by specific teachers and schools.
  4. ADHD is a serious problem that can result in neurological damage, whereas gifted youngsters require particular attention but do not have a serious condition.
  5. Methylphenidate, Lisdexamfetamine, Dexamfetamine, and other medications are used to treat hyperactivity caused by ADHD. Whereas, Neurostimulants and sleeping pills are used in treating gifted child.

Conclusion

GIFTEDNESS and ADHD are frequently described as having the same or comparable qualities. One diagnosis, on the other hand, is regarded as a handicap, while the other is regarded as a blessing. Neither assumption is optimal when it comes to supporting a child who has been diagnosed with ADHD, giftedness, or both, a condition known as twice exceptional or 2e.

When unreasonable expectations are placed on gifted children without regard for the numerous complex features that constitute their day-to-day experience, they suffer.

When children with ADHD are not recognised or celebrated for their accomplishments, they become deficit-focused. Depending on the combination of strengths and challenges displayed by two extraordinary youngsters, a tug-of-war ensues.

Recognizing strengths and embracing the challenges of each diagnosis can go a long way toward boosting these kids’ self-esteem and allowing them to attain their full potential.

References

  1. https://www.sengifted.org/post/adhd-and-children-who-are-gifted
  2. https://www.psychologytoday.com/intl/blog/keep-it-in-mind/202003/gifted-or-adhd