Difference Between Acid Reflux and Heartburn (With Table)

Acid reflux and heartburn are two words that are often used interchangeably. However, despite their similarities, these two words are not interchangeable. To comprehend the distinction between heartburn and acid reflux, one must first comprehend the connections between these two phrases. With eating, stomach acid rises into the esophagus, causing acid reflux and heartburn.

Acid Reflux vs Heartburn 

The main difference between acid reflux and heartburn is that acid reflux is a very common medical condition that can range from severe to mild. Acid reflux occurs when enzymes from the abdomen increase into the esophagus. on the other hand, Heartburn is a sign of acid reflux.

Acid reflux is a persistent condition in which bile or stomach acid runs into the food pipe and irritates the lining. Acid reflux occurs when stomach acid travels up the esophagus and into the gullet. Gullet aids in the movement of food from the mouth. Hiatal hernia is a prevalent trigger of gastric reflux.

A burning feeling behind the breastbone or in the middle of the chest is known as heartburn. It might be a sign of a variety of health problems, including GERD and acid reflux. The burning feeling lasts anywhere from a few minutes to many hours. Over-the-counter drugs can be used to treat heartburn at home.

Comparison Table Between Acid Reflux and Heartburn

Parameters of ComparisonAcid RefluxHeartburn
DefinitionAcid reflux is a persistent condition in which stomach acid travels up the esophagus and into the gullet, generating a burning feeling in the center of the chest.
             
            
Acid reflux causes heartburn as a symptom. It’s a burning feeling behind the breastbone or in the middle of the chest.
SymptomsHeartburn is one of the signs of acid reflux. Bloating, sore throat, nausea, stomach discomfort, an acidic or heated taste in the back of the throat, and so on are all signs of heartburn.
             
A burning feeling behind the breastbone or in the center of the chest is a sign of heartburn. An unpleasant burning feeling occurs around the heart as a result of the burning sensation.
CausesObesity, smoking, eating fried and fatty foods, eating a big quantity of food, consuming alcohol, diabetes, pregnancy, and hiatal hernia are all common causes of acid reflux.Smoking, drinking alcohol, diabetes, obesity, eating a big amount of food, and eating fried and fatty foods are all common causes of heartburn.
Aggravating foodsAcid reflux is caused by fatty and fried meals, onions and garlic, mint, spicy foods, chocolate, and acidic foods like tomatoes and citrus fruits.Heartburn can be caused by spicy meals, chocolate, fatty and fried foods, mint, onions, and garlic.
TreatmentAcid reflux is treated by modifying the diet, losing weight, taking medicines like antidiarrheal, a proton-pump inhibitor, and antacid.
           
To avoid heartburn, avoid reclining down for at least two hours after eating. Heartburn may be avoided by avoiding chocolate, fatty, and fried meals.

What is Acid Reflux?

Acid reflux is a persistent condition in which bile or stomach acid backs up into the esophagus and the gullet, generating a burning feeling in the chest. Heartburn is among the symptoms of acid reflux. Bloating, sore throat, nausea, stomach discomfort, an acidic or heated taste in the back of the throat, and so on are all signs of heartburn.

The lower esophageal sphincter is a valve at the stomach’s entrance that closes as soon as food flows through it. Acid reflux occurs when the LES (Lower esophageal sphincter) opens too frequently or does not seal properly, allowing stomach acid to flow up into the esophagus.

Obesity, smoking, eating fried and fatty foods, eating a big quantity of food, consuming alcohol, diabetes, pregnancy, and hiatal hernia are all common causes of acid reflux. To keep acid reflux at bay Avoid fatty and fried meals, onions and garlic, mint, spicy foods, chocolate, and acidic foods such as tomatoes and citrus fruits.

Acid reflux is treated with a change in diet, weight loss, and medications such as antidiarrhea, proton pump inhibitors, and antacids. Antacids that include both aluminum hydroxide and magnesium hydroxide are preferable. If antacids are ineffective in preventing acid reflux, physicians may give H2 blockers, foaming agents, or prokinetics.

What is Heartburn?

Heartburn is a symptom of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) (gastroesophageal reflux disease). It’s a burning sensation that starts in the center of the chest and spreads to the throat and neck. A sour or bitter sensation in the back of the throat can accompany heartburn. Heartburn is typically worsened by eating a large meal or lying down soon thereafter.

A burning feeling behind the breastbone or in the center of the chest is a sign of heartburn. An unpleasant burning feeling occurs around the heart as a result of the burning sensation. Smoking, drinking alcohol, diabetes, obesity, eating a big quantity of food, drinking citrus drinks, and eating fried and fatty foods are all common causes of heartburn. Heartburn can be caused by spicy meals, chocolate, fatty and fried foods, mint, onions, and garlic.

Heartburn may usually be treated at home using over-the-counter drugs. To avoid heartburn, avoid reclining down for at least two hours after eating. Heartburn may be avoided by avoiding chocolate, fatty, and fried meals.

Heartburn is fairly prevalent on occasion. However, frequent severe heartburn might be a sign of GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease), a chronic acid reflux disorder. Healthcare practitioners will need to prescribe therapies in this instance.

Main Differences Between Acid Reflux and Heartburn

  1. Acid reflux is a persistent condition in which stomach acid travels up the esophagus and into the gullet, generating a burning feeling in the center of the chest. Acid reflux causes heartburn as a symptom. It’s a burning feeling felt beneath the breastbone or in the middle of the chest.
  2. Heartburn is among the symptoms of acid reflux. Bloating, sore throat, nausea, stomach discomfort, an acidic or heated taste in the back of the throat, and so on are all signs of heartburn. A burning feeling behind the breastbone or in the center of the chest is a sign of heartburn. An unpleasant burning feeling occurs around the heart as a result of the burning sensation.
  3. Obesity, smoking, eating fried and fatty foods, eating a big quantity of food, consuming alcohol, diabetes, pregnancy, and hiatal hernia are all common causes of acid reflux. Smoking, drinking alcohol, diabetes, obesity, eating a big amount of food, and eating fried and fatty foods are all common causes of heartburn.
  4. Acid reflux is caused by fatty and fried meals, onions and garlic, mint, spicy foods, chocolate, and acidic foods like tomatoes and citrus fruits. Heartburn can be caused by spicy meals, chocolate, fatty and fried foods, mint, onions, and garlic.
  5. Acid reflux is treated with a change in diet, weight loss, and medications such as antidiarrhea, proton pump inhibitors, and antacids. To avoid heartburn, avoid reclining down for at least two hours after eating. Heartburn may be avoided by avoiding chocolate, fatty, and fried meals.

Conclusion

Acid reflux and heartburn are two words that are often used interchangeably. Heartburn is a symptom of acid reflux, which is the cause. Fatty and fried meals, chocolates, alcohol, smoking, and acidic foods such as citrus fruits and tomatoes should all be avoided in both circumstances.

Acid reflux is a chronic illness in which stomach acid rushes up into the esophagus, into the gullet, generating a burning feeling around the heart or in the center of the chest. Acid reflux causes heartburn as a symptom. It’s a burning feeling behind the breastbone or in the middle of the chest.

References

  1. https://www.nejm.org/doi/full/10.1056/nejm199409083311007
  2. https://books.google.com/books?hl=en&lr=&id=4fzDuNJoICcC&oi=fnd&pg=PT4&dq=+Heartburn&ots=woTEqiiyeF&sig=wBaQcaFjWxtqoqmrj0YXCgpzCtQ