Difference Between Accounting, Economic and Normal Profit (With Table)

Profitability is one of the most commonly accepted financial metrics for assessing a company’s financial health. The ultimate objective of every firm is to maximize profits in order to stay in business. However, there are specific scenarios or circumstances in which we witness a lucrative enterprise being forced to close its doors.

The explanation for this can be understood by those individuals or experts familiar with and understand the various earnings measurements that are defined to determine a company’s short- and long-term viability.

The alternative calculation is done to provide deeper insights into the important business and help understand the firm’s capabilities to achieve its goal, even though most profit indicators are based on accounting principles.

Accounting vs Economic vs Normal Profit

The main difference between Accounting, Economic and Normal Profit is that Income minus direct costs equal accounting profit. Still, economic Profit is defined as income less explicit and implicit cost. The implied price encompasses the value of lost opportunities and natural resources. Average Profit occurs for a corporation when total revenue equals entire cost, which means average Profit is the breakeven point.

Accounting Profit is the actual Profit made by the organization within a financial year. Adding up all the costs yields a profit. For example, rent on land and buildings, labour pay and salaries, and interest on capital invested are actual costs.

Economic Profit is also called supernormal Profit. It is the gap between total income and expenses (explicit and implicit). Direct payments are the costs incurred when doing the commercial activity. Implicit cost is the choice forgone by the corporation to invest the money elsewhere or use another alternative. The actual cost is sometimes called imputed cost.

Normal Profit is the minimal Profit necessary for the entity’s survival. Normal Profit arises when entire revenue minus total cost equals zero (the breakeven point). If the sum is more significant than zero, economic gain occurs. Conversely, there is a financial loss if the quantity is less (negative) than zero.

Comparison Table Between Accounting, Economic and Normal Profit

Parameters of ComparisonAccounting ProfitEconomic ProfitNormal Profit
DefinitionIt refers to the actual profits and losses realized by the company within a certain or specified year.You can think of the super average Profit as the difference between how much money you make and how much you spend, including explicit and hidden costs.In computing the actual gain, the Profit considers all explicit and implicit costs and assumes that all fees have been paid in full.
ObjectiveTo determine the profitability of a business, it is necessary to calculate the accounting profits.Economic Profit aims to understand and evaluate how successfully a business utilizes and allocates its available resources. Financial gain is measured in dollars.The Normal profit concept is used to determine if a firm’s revenue is equal to or greater than its whole business operating costs.
Methodology Used for CalculationAccounting profit is determined by generally accepted accounting rules, also known as GAAP.The economic Profit is not computed according to accounting rules but rather to financial principles, which considers implicit expenses and lost opportunity costs.Calculating the average Profit is done by figuring out how much money was made and how much money was spent over the year.
Calculating FormulaMaking Use of the Formula AP = Total Revenue-Total Explicit CostEP = Total Revenue – (Total Explicit + Total Implicit + Opportunity Cost) – (Total Explicit + Total Implicit + Opportunity Cost)NP => Total Revenue – Total Cost = Total Revenue (explicit, implicit, and Opportunity)

What is Accounting Profit?

Accounting profit can be defined as the actual earnings and losses incurred by a business within a given year in accounting terms. When a firm is profitable, it is possible to assess the company’s health in question. It is sometimes referred to as the organization’s net revenue after deducting all its available explicit costs.

Indirect costs are directly incurred by the organization to run the business. These include administration, rentals, production, amortization, taxes, transportation, depreciation payments, and other costs that the organization does not incur.

Accounting principles, also known as generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), are carefully established to determine the Accounting Profit. To put it another way, Profit is the term used to express the positive aspects of a company’s earnings.

What is Economic Profit?

An economic profit measures how much money an organization generates, less what it costs to operate the company. To grasp the notion of financial cost, one must first get the concept of implicit cost, which is a cost that is not borne directly by the organizations since no money is spent.

As a result, it falls under the category of “opportunity cost,” which refers to the loss of Profit resulting from selecting the alternative. However, it does not affect its profitability because it isn’t directly linked.

What is Normal Profit?

When the difference between total revenue and total cost of subsidized methods equals zero, the business earns an average profit, defined as zero. Generally speaking, average Profit might be considered a breaking point for a company’s ability to survive in a competitive market.

If anything falls below the business’s regular profit margin, the organization will face losses. As a result, to remain operational or maintain revenue, revenue must equal the cost of production.

Main Differences Between Accounting, Economic and Normal Profit

  1. Without earnings, a company can’t run its operations with money it’s already paid for. Otherwise, it’s pointless to invest money into them.
  2. Financial analysts and economists have created accounting, Economic, and Normal profit to accurately analyze the financial health of a corporation or organization. These three ideas have a similar meaning and calculation approach in terms of Profit.
  3. The accounting profit shows you what is happening in the firm regarding gains and losses, taking into account the costs incurred. When calculating economic Profit, there are direct and intangible costs and a foregone opportunity cost. The point at which a company’s earnings equals its expenses is known as “normal profit.”
  4. Instead of relying on economic concepts, an Accounting profit relies on GAAP accounting standards. Average yield is also evaluated in light of the current state of the business.
  5. It is essential to know how well an organization utilizes or allocates its available resources to determine profitability. The Normal Profit reveals if the firm can continue or generate enough income to cover the costs of maintaining the business operations.


The ability of the firm to generate profits is critical to the company’s long-term viability. If a firm makes a profit, it will provide an excellent return to its shareholders and investors. As a result, the earnings described above are three entirely different types of gains. When these three factors are analyzed together, it will be possible to learn more about its performance, profitability, future, financial stability, and overall position. This would indicate to the stakeholders whether or not they should invest in the firm.


  1. https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/JFEP-09-2013-0045/full/html
  2. https://elibrary.ru/item.asp?id=47232076