Difference Between Accounting and Economics (With Table)

Accounting and economics are two tremendously broad topics that are intimately tied to the world of finance and economics. They are widely employed in corporations and other organizations, and they are critical to the effectiveness and efficiency of the company. They may even be required to be linked for several operations and projects simultaneously. However, they should not be regarded as interchangeable terms for the same item. Several characteristics distinguish them.

Accounting vs Economics

The main difference between accounting and economics is that they are two broad topics closely connected to finance. They are widely employed in corporations and other organizations, and they are critical to the success and efficiency of the company. They may even be required to be linked for several activities and projects simultaneously. However, they should not be regarded as interchangeable terms for the same item. Several characteristics distinguish them.

In some circles, the term “accounting” is also used. Analyzing financial transactions is a practice that an accountant uses to measure and process the many transactions in a company’s financial system. You may involve financial or non-financial transactions in these transactions. To describe accounting as “the language of business” is an accurate description.

On the other hand, economics is a scholarly endeavour rather than a practical one. Everything from production to consumption to distribution to demand to supply is included. Items and services figure prominently in each one of these discussions. Since resources are scarce and limited, economics also examines how people respond to these conditions and make decisions.

Comparison Table Between Accounting and Economics

Parameters of ComparisonAccountingEconomics
MeaningMeasurement, processing, transmission, and recording financial and non-financial transactions and summarizing and evaluating financial and non-financial transactions are all part of the practice of making informed decisions.It is the study of how human behaviour functions when there are endless wants and only a limited supply of resources available in nature.
AimIts goal is to determine how wealth is maximized in a given economic entity.  Its goal is to figure out how to maximize one’s wealth to the greatest extent possible.  
NatureIt is a practical solution.  It is only a theoretical discussion.  
RegulationsIt consists of rules, guidelines, regulations, and other similar documents published by a governing body.  In general, it does not adhere to any rules or regulations.  
Flow of MoneyAn organization’s financial management system keeps track of how money moves through the organization.  It investigates all of the factors that influence the flow of funds inside an organization.  

What is Accounting?

Accounting is a practical notion used by practically every organization to keep track of its finances. Its purpose is to maintain track of how money moves through its operations. It is possible to report on wealth maximisation, reflecting how effectively the company operates. All monetary or non-monetary transactions are taken into account in this analysis.

On the other hand, accounting is distinguished because it adheres to rules, regulations, and guidelines. This enables enterprises worldwide to adhere to a standardized and straightforward style of practice. Furthermore, it establishes rules for determining the most efficient approach to show the balance sheet at the end of the year.

It’s interesting to note that various sectors of accounting deal with different components of a company. Each of them has been created with a specific set of objectives in mind, contributing to the broader accounting profession by providing additional support.

Bookkeeping was engaged in its earliest version, which was not as efficient as today’s methods. In addition, it was time-consuming and necessitated a significant amount of manual labor on our part. All of this may now be completed digitally, eliminating the need for paper records and the associated difficulties in storing them.

What is Economics?

On the other hand, economics is a purely theoretical field, and it’s more about understanding human nature in conditions of scarcity. The study of human behaviour and money movement in an organization is also a part of this research. Therefore, product and service demand and supply are accorded high priority.

Accounting differs from economics because it uses a universal standard, whereas economics does not. Therefore, there are no rules, restrictions, or recommendations in this study that you must follow. However, some of the topics being explored may include universally true equations.

You can categorize most of these ideas as either the microeconomics or macroeconomics camps. An economy’s microeconomics examines the tiniest and most fundamental components. However, when it comes to the general system in which various economies operate, macroeconomics focuses.

The study of economics, like that of accounting, has been around for a long time. Ancient Greek, Chinese, Persian, Roman, and Indian civilizations have all been used in some way or another. In the modern world, people can even research their way to being professional in the field. A wide range of industries employs the wealth-creation tactics used by these persons.

Main Differences Between Accounting and Economics

  1. Economic theory refers to the study of human behavior in the context of finite resources. As opposed to this, accounting is the practice of recording, summarising, and documenting the results of financial and non-financial activities through measurement, processing, analysis, and communication.
  2. In contrast to accounting, which focuses on reporting how wealth is maximized in a given economic organization, economics focuses on finding ways to maximize wealth.
  3. Unlike economics, accounting is more of hands-on science.
  4. Unlike economics, where there are no uniform standards, accounting has rules, guidelines, regulations, and the like established by a recognized government institution.
  5. On the other hand, economics examines all the factors that influence money flow in an organization.


For a long time, both accounting and economics have been widely used. However, their differences are vast, even though they are all under the same roof. First and foremost, accounting is a science whose practitioners must follow a predetermined set of rules and guidelines. When it comes to economics, there are no rules to follow.

Furthermore, accounting focuses on keeping track of transactions, while economics examines all the elements that influence them. Several types and branches of accounting allow for a greater variety of specialities within the subject. There are just two major economics subfields: microeconomics and macroeconomics.


  1. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00014788.2010.9663394
  2. https://meridian.allenpress.com/accounting-review/article-abstract/86/3/945/68519