Difference Between Accounting and Economic Profit (With Table)

Every company or firm requires a profit projection. Profits are calculated in a variety of ways, including accounting and economic profits. We’ll learn how to tell the difference between accounting and economic profit in this article.

Accounting profit vs Economic Profit

The main difference between Accounting profit and economic profit is that accounting profit evaluates what happened exactly and the actual outcomes for the time, on the other hand, economic profit is more of a speculative estimate based on alternative actions which could have been made.

Accountants only care about costs with receipts as such the amount leftover from total revenue once explicit costs are subtracted is known as accounting profit. Accounting profit is total revenue minus Total explicit cost. Accounting profit is a metric for comparing organisations’ financial results. There are numerous other expenses or investments that a corporation may make that are not included in its accounting profit.

The value that economists care about is what’s leftover from revenue after accounting for explicit and implicit costs that value is known as economic profit. Economic profit is calculated as Total Revenue minus the explicit and implicit costs. The total economic cost is often written simply as the total cost. Most instances of profit referred to in an economic course refer to economic profit rather than accounting profit. The term “economic profit” refers to the metric used to assess a company’s entire value.

Comparison table between Accounting and Economic profit

Parameters of ComparisonAccounting profit Economic profit
DefinitionAccounting profit relates to the firm’s economic profits at the end of a fiscal year. The profits generated by a firm after subtracting both the explicit and implicit costs from the revenue generated by the organisation is known as economic profits.
ImportanceThe profit growth of a firm is measured by its accounting earnings. Economic gain is a measure of how well a company allocates its resources to generate money.
RelevanceAccounting profit is important for analysing a company’s financial progress. Economic profits may well not accurately reflect a company’s financial performance because they contain other factors such as opportunity costs.
CalculationAccounting profit consists of total revenue minus Total explicit cost.Economic profit is defined as Total Revenue minus Total implicit and explicit cost.
ObjectiveAccounting profit’s goal is to evaluate a company’s financial performance. Economic profit’s goal is to figure out and evaluate how successfully a company is utilising and distributing its resources.

What is Accounting profit?

Accounting profit is the entire revenues of a corporation computed using commonly accepted accounting rules (GAAP). It comprises operational costs, depletion, interest, and taxes, among other costs of running a business. Profits are a commonly tracked fiscal indicator that is frequently used to assess a company’s performance.

In their financial statements, companies frequently disclose many variations of income. Some of these numbers include all income and expenses components listed on the income statement. Others are imaginative concoctions manufactured by managers and accountants. Accounting profit, also known as accounting profit or financial profit, is the net income produced after all dollar expenditures have been deducted from total income.

In effect, it displays how much money a company has left over for subtracting its explicit operational costs. After subtracting the explicit costs of business operations, accounting profit is the amount of money left over. Accounting profit is distinct from economic profit in that it represents a company’s money-related expenses and revenue.

Accounting profit is also distinct from underneath profit, which aims to eliminate non – recurring items’ effect.

What is Economic profit?

The differential between the money earned from a corporate entity’s results and the opportunity costs of its inputs is known as an economic benefit. An economic profit, apart from an accounting profit, considers both a company’s implicit and explicit costs, while an accounting profit just considers the costs that appear on the annual reports of the company.

The economic profit frequently varies from the accounting profit because it adds additional implicit costs. An economic profit, also known as an excess profit, is the profit that remains after all implicit and explicit costs have been paid.

Economic profits are made in non-competitive marketplaces with high entry barriers, such as monopolies and oligopolies. Because of the inefficiency and lack of demand in these marketplaces, corporations can establish prices or quantities rather than being price-takers, as is the case in a competitive industry. When a perfect competition reaches long-run economic equilibrium, there is no incentive for enterprises to enter or exit the industry, hence economic profit becomes non-existent.

Economists frequently evaluate long-term economic profit when determining whether or not a company might visit or quit a market. The quantity of economic profit a company makes is mostly determined by the level of market competition as well as the time frame in question.

Difference between Accounting and Economic profit

  1. The formulas for accounting profit and economic profit are different. Accounting profit solely considers explicit expenses and general income, whereas economic profit also considers implicit costs.
  2. Economic profit is always equal to or smaller than accounting profit because it is a variant of accounting profit including one more variable subtracted—it can never be a greater amount than accounting profit.
  3. Accounting profit is a much more clear indicator of profitability that companies can use to examine their financial condition and determine whether they’re producing enough “regular” profit to stay in operation whereas Economic profit is a much more complex figure that takes into account the opportunity cost of doing business to help small businesses assess whether it’s worthwhile to come to market or transform their business model.
  4. There are no transactions you can input to make a business choice, thus you can’t bookkeep for implicit expenses. As a result, economic profit is impossible to calculate. However, revenue and explicit costs can be used to account for accounting profit.
  5. Accounting profit has a variety of applications, particularly tax statements. On the other hand, economic profit is primarily computed to assist management in making a choice.


Accounting profit is more dependable than economic profit since it is based on more data. However, economic profit includes all factors and is more important than accounting profit.

In terms of computations, the economic profit has less complexity than the accounting profit. There are several alternative ways for offering stock sharing, cost allocation, and computing depletion to compute accounting profit, resulting in diverse net profits as accounting procedures.

Accounting profit is a valuable measure for evaluating performance, but it is not a full criterion for making decisions. As a result, from the standpoint of wealth management, an economic approach can provide a more accurate basis for estimating long term investment sources.


  1. https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&source=web&rct=j&url=https://www.investopedia.com/terms/a/accountingprofit.asp%23:~:text%3DAccounting%2520profit%252C%2520also%2520referred%2520to,costs%2520of%2520running%2520the%2520business.&ved=2ahUKEwjT8JSI1an2AhWLr1YBHbb5B-EQFnoECAUQBQ&usg=AOvVaw1ZqWym6Alx4ti35Kb1Eq-N
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