Difference Between Aboriginal Skull and Caucasian Skull (With Table)

There are differences in the feature and shapes of skulls in different races. Humans differ from each other in the shape and some other features of body parts. Skulls are no different. Aboriginals are Australians and Caucasian people are known as white-skinned people, who are originated in Europe. Both aboriginal and Caucasian Skull differs from each other in their features. Skull is constructed from the cranium and mandible; it protects the brain, sense organs, and soft tissues of the head. The study of the skull is called ‘phrenology’. The race of a skull can be determined by craniometry.

Aboriginal Skull vs Caucasian Skull

The main difference between Aboriginal Skull and Caucasian Skull is that the Aboriginal Skull is found in Australian people and Caucasian Skull is found in Europeans. The shape of the skull, Eye orbits, nasal bridge, teeth varies in each race. Meanwhile, nasal openings, cheekbones, chin are all different from one another.

The Aboriginal skull is oval, elongated and these skulls possess flared noses and outstanding brow ridges. Australian aborigines possess aboriginal skulls. These skull types have large eye orbits and wide-spaced teeth. Aborigines are a lot similar to early modern sapiens. The aboriginal skull features are distinctive.

The Caucasian skull is elongated and has an oval shape. It is also very narrow and long. Caucasian people are normally white; they belong to Europe and North African people. Since the Caucasian skull is narrow, the skull looks different when compared to the skulls of other races. Also, these people have tiny teeth and circular eye sockets. This type of skull is also sometimes called Caucasoid skull.

Comparison Table Between Aboriginal Skull and Caucasian Skull

Parameters of ComparisonAboriginal Skull Caucasian Skull
DefinitionAustralian people possess Aboriginal skullEuropean descendants possess Caucasian skull
Shape Aboriginal skull is elongated and ovalCaucasian skull is narrow
Eye orbitsEye orbits of the Aboriginal skull is Rectangular in shape and very largeCaucasian eye orbits are rectangular, but they are not large
Nasal openingsNasal openings in the Aboriginal skull is narrow and the nose is flaredNasal openings are narrow, but the nose is not flared
TeethThe teeth are large and spaced widelyCaucasian teeth are of small size and it is closely spaced.

What is Aboriginal Skull?

The Aboriginal skull is found in the people that live in Australia. The Aboriginal skull is elongated and has an oval shape. In Aboriginal skulls cheekbones are more prominent and the chin portion is less when compared to Caucasian skull; these people have very large eye orbits and the ridges of the brows are large, especially in males.

The Aboriginal skull has a narrow nasal opening and the nose doesn’t have a noticeable tip like Caucasians. The teeth in the Aboriginal skull is large and widely spaced. An interesting fact is the nasal bridge of the Aboriginal skull, it is flat and isn’t pronounced like Caucasians. And also the zygomatic bones, i.e, cheekbones are very pronounced in them. The temporal fossa is not correctly filled in Aboriginal skulls and post-orbital constriction is visible on the skull.

What is Caucasian Skull?

The Caucasian skull is found in European descendants. Normally, Caucasians are known as white people or, most of them are Europeans. They have a long and narrow skull. The cheekbones are less pronounced in those race groups of people. Unlike aboriginal skulls, chins in Caucasian skulls are more pronounced.

Caucasoid skull has rectangular shaped eye orbits and, the brow ridges are less pronounced in them. Coming to the nasal region, they have a protruding nasal ridge. The nose isn’t flared like Aboriginals. Teeth in Caucasian skull is small in size and are packed closely. The eye orbits in Caucasian skills appear to be sloped when viewed from the front region. The margins in eye sockets are often called ‘aviator sunglasses’ in Caucasian skull because it resembles aviator sunglasses.

European skulls are also referred to as Caucasoid or Caucasian. The cranium of the Caucasian skull is high in height and the sagittal contour is round.

Main Differences Between Aboriginal Skull and Caucasian Skull

  1. The Aboriginal skull is found in Australians and, Europeans possess Caucasian skulls.
  2. Aboriginal skull type has large teeth and the Caucasian skull has very small and closely packed teeth.
  3. The skull seen in Aboriginals are elongated and oval, meanwhile, the Caucasian skull is very narrow and long.
  4. The Aboriginal skull has notable brow ridges. Caucasian skills possess less notable brow ridges.
  5. Aboriginals have larger eye orbits, and Caucasians have smaller size eye orbits when compared to aboriginals.
  6. The nose in Aboriginals are flared and Caucasoids doesn’t have flared noses.


Skull shapes and some features of it differs from each race. There are Aboriginals, Caucasians, Asians, Africans etc. The skull shape is determined by the race of a person he comes from. Australians possess aboriginal skull types, and Europeans possess Caucasian skull types. These both skull type has different distinctive features. They show differences in terms of teeth shape, chin, jaw, cheekbones, nasal openings etc. The Aboriginals have oval shape face shape and Caucasians have a very narrow and elongated face shape. It is easier to determine one’s ethnicity by looking at their skull type. A forensic anthropologist would be an expert in observing the characteristics of a particular skull and determining one’s ethnicity or finding out the origin of an individual’s family.