Difference Between ABH and GBH (With Table)

Injuring or injuring another person can result in a variety of serious ramifications. Every country has a set of rules & regulations that inform citizens of the specific actions resulting in legal consequences.

The ABH and GBH are the two types of punitive damages that an offender is capable of causing, and these are the types of offences that would be heard in court once they have been committed. The primary distinction is that ABH is minor harm, but GBH is a more damaging form of damage.


The main difference between ABH and GBH is that although the ABH is a less severe kind of bodily damage, the GBH is considerably more severe and punished. The major characteristic that is utilised to distinguish between the two is their intensity. Other distinctions include the number of purposeful attempts, the state of the victims, the number of violations, the maximum sentence, and so on.

ABH is a form of crime that entails inflicting a minor injury on a victim that is not life-threatening. The use of a weapon is strictly forbidden. In addition, the person doesn’t want to hurt the other person. Moreover, there are situations when simply force is employed, resulting in injury. This usually does not necessitate extensive police involvement, and the case is regarded as insignificant; the maximum punishment is imprisonment for more than five years.

GBH is a far more serious type of injury. In most cases, a person is purposely harmed in this situation, and a weapon may be involved. It impacts the attacked individual since they are forced to deal with a medical problem. On the other hand, their death is not a result of this. Apart from that, the penalties are substantially harsher, ranging from life imprisonment to extremely high financial penalties. The United Kingdom has different guidelines for treating them than the United States.

Comparison Table Between ABH & GBH

Parameters of comparisonABHGBH
SeriousnessDamage of this nature is less severe.A much more serious form of injury has taken place.
Maximum PunishmentABH carries a maximum sentence of five years in jail as the punishment.The maximum sentence for GBH is life imprisonment and an infinite amount of fines and restitution.
IntentionIn this case, the harm may have been done accidentally.When something bad happens, the vast majority of the time, it is done on purpose.
Condition of victimThe victim has sustained minor injuries.The victim must receive extensive medical attention.
SectionsOffence Against Persons Act Section 47 is criminal law.In the Offenses Against Persons Act, Sections 18 and 20 include the relevant provisions.

What is ABH?

‘ABH is defined in its entirety as harm to one’s own body. It promises to do what it does: leave a lasting impression on the victim. Abh is a crime that involves inflicting a little hurt on another person. The use of a weapon is prohibited. In addition, the person does not intend to injure the other individual. If you apply too much force, you could wind up hurting yourself. When someone is enraged and slaps or pushes another, that is an example of this crime.

As a result, the penalties are far less severe. A monetary fine or a jail sentence of up to ten years is conceivable. One must keep in mind that the damage will not be permanent. In Europe and Australia, this phrase is most commonly used, and section 47 of the Offenses Against Persons Act lists it as a crime.

Here, it’s critical to have evidence to back up your claims. It’s important to know who hurt the victim, how, and whether or not the attack was provoked or purposeful. It is also essential to see if they were intoxicated, how much damage they caused, and whether or not they were drunk when they committed the crime.

What is GBH?

GBH stands for ‘grievous bodily harm,’ which is the whole phrase. It’s a far more severe form of injury. In most cases, a person is purposefully harmed, and a weapon may be used in the attack. Because they have to deal with a medical problem, it hurts the victim. It isn’t

fatal for them, though, Some serious crimes have this element, and it is so named because the harm it causes the victim’s bodily and mental well-being is irreversible. Indefensible acts of violence are perpetrated.

Penalties for violating this law might range from life in prison to a hefty fine. Australia and the United Kingdom have different standards for how they should be treated, and there are clauses in the Offense Against A Person Act dealing with it. Among the words that come to me are wound, seriousness, and maliciousness.

It’s also essential to have proof of the crime committed. Detailed evidence of who attacked him, how or whether the attacker has been provoked, what weapon was used, photos of the injuries, the extent of the damage, whether or not the assailant was intoxicated, and how much medical attention he required are all necessary components of a successful investigation. A combination of all relevant elements determines the final punishment.

Main Differences Between ABH and GBH

  1. ABH is a less severe injury. although a GBH is a more severe injury
  2. ABH carries a five-year maximum sentence. An unlimited fine or life in jail are possible punishments for GBH.
  3. In ABH, the harm is sometimes unintended; in GBH, it is usually intentional.
  4. The ABH victim had minor injuries. In GBH, the victim requires extensive medical care.
  5. The ABH is found in the Offenses Against Persons Act section 47. Aside from Sections 18 and 20, GBH is covered by both sections of the Offense Against the Persons Act (OAP).


The intentional infliction of harm on another person has always been a felony. However, rage and other strong emotions can also be a personal attack. Any damage that occurs isn’t necessarily the person’s fault who suffers it. However, using a foreign force against an individual distinguishes ABH from GBH. A person’s physical and emotional health can also be affected by injuries.

Keeping in mind that the law is always looking out for those who have damaged or offended someone else is essential. Strong feelings must also be contained. There are several reasons why someone may want to file an official complaint, but one of the most common is because they believe the use of force has harmed them.


  1. https://www.ojp.gov/ncjrs/virtual-library/abstracts/criminal-liability-transmitting-disease
  2. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/add.12951