Difference Between 10k and 14k (With Table)

Pure gold has a malleable texture which deters the process of jewelry making. So, an amalgamation of other metals is used to make the ornaments. The different quantity of metals used, along with gold, gives way to the carat system. 10k and 14k are two types of the said proportions.

10k vs 14k

The main difference between 10k and 14k is the composition of gold in them. 10k has 10 parts of pure gold mixed with 14 parts of other metal. On the other hand, 14k has 14 parts of pure gold and 10 parts of other metal. Evidently, they differ in durability, purity of gold and appearance.

10k gold has the lowest content of gold compared to all other types. It has 41.7% gold and 58.3% alloy. They display a pale-yellow color which is in relation to its gold-to-secondary metal ratio. They have the highest durability and are used for making low price jewelries, especially earrings.

On the contrary, 14k gold constitutes 58.3% pure gold and 41.7% alloy. It has a yellow hue brighter than 10k. They are more prone to damage due to higher concentration of gold in them. 14k gold is most commonly used for engagement rings and wedding band with their price being affordable but slightly higher.

Comparison Table Between 10k and 14k

Parameters of Comparison10 Carat14 Carat
PurityIt has gold purity of 41.70%.It has gold purity of 58.30%.
ValueIt has a low value because of low gold content.It has a slightly higher value.
DurabilityHighly durable due to more alloy content.Less durable.
AppearanceIt has a dull appearance and a soft yellow color.It has a brighter appearance with a darker shade of yellow.
Type of jewelriesAffordable jewelries for everyday use, especially earrings.More commonly used for engagement rings and wedding bands.
PopularityPopular in the United Kingdoms.Popular in the United States.

What is 10k?

As stated earlier, 10k is a type of gold that is formed by the combination of 41.70% pure gold and other alloys. The gold content in such jewelries is moderately low which is why the price is comparatively cheaper. This makes it more affordable for a middle-class household.

The higher proportion of secondary metals mean that their durability is far greater than that of any other type. It is more resistant to scratches, dents and any other damages. If one is looking for jewelries for everyday use, 10k gold can be a better alternative. Although, it can get easily corroded with water.

The appearance is not as bright as its counterpart. They give off a faint hint of yellow which is unlike the characteristics of gold. So, it may not be as bright as one may expect.

With low price comes greater risk. Due to its low price, 10k gold is often used to make cheap jewelries. As a result, top jewelry companies sometimes avoid the use of 10k gold.

Therefore, before the purchase of this type one should make sure of its authenticity. Although, the value-for-money and consumer satisfaction factor should be taken into account before getting into any purchase transaction.

What is 14k?

14k gold constitutes 58.30% of pure gold. In other words, it has 14 parts of gold and 10 parts of other metal. The content of gold is fairly high which makes it a tad bit pricey. Although, in the long run it is assured to be a good investment.

This is the most popular type of gold due to its appearance and durability. The higher content of gold gives it a warm yellow finish which is novel to its characteristics. With more than 40% of alloy, it is also considered to be quite durable.

These are more commonly used for making engagement rings and wedding bands. They can sustain damages which makes them perfect for an active lifestyle. It also does not get easily corroded with either water, sweat or chlorine. So, it can be worn during physical activities such as swimming.

The genuineness of this type of gold can also be guaranteed. It provides one with high quality jewelry which will not fall short of ones expectations.

Main Differences Between 10k and 14k

  1. 10k gold has a lower purity than 14k gold. Numerically, it has 41.70% of gold while the latter has 58.30%.
  2. 10k gold is cheaper in comparison to 14k due to the low content of the metal. So, this makes it more affordable although it depends on the preference of the customers.
  3. Durability increases with increase in the concentration of secondary metal. As a result, 10k is more durable than 14k. But both have strong resistance towards damages.
  4. 14k gold has a more vibrant yellow color compared to 10k. The latter can give off a faint hint which is why 14k is usually preferred over it.
  5. 10k usually has a dull appearance in comparison to the brighter shade of 14k gold.
  6. 14k gold is more commonly used in engagement rings and wedding bands whereas 10k gold is used in ornaments for everyday use, such as earrings.

Conclusion

The usage of gold dates back to 4000 BC in Eastern Europe to make decorative objects. It is still used now, although its scope has amplified over time. Now it is not only used for making ornaments but also for investment purposes.

The purity of gold varies with its purpose. People usually invest in gold bars which are 24 carat gold, the highest level of gold content (around 99.5% or 99.9%). For daily use, such as in jewelries, the gold content is usually less. They generally are 10k or 14k and in some cases even 18k.

With varied value, durability and appearance the consumer preference usually changes. The higher the price, higher will be its purity. But sometimes, high purity gold can be preferred less than that of low purity. This is because it cannot sustain damages.

Between 10k and 14k, the better alternative would be 14k. This is because the price margin between 14k and 10k is very less. So, one can get a better-quality jewelry with a slightly higher price. In the long run, a 14k gold ornament would be a better investment.

References

  1. https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/81721042.pdf
  2. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF03215089